Summer … surf and sand, swimming pools, picnics, camping, outdoor sports and stinging and biting insects! Boy, can they tale the joy out of summer fun. Almost everyone has been bitten or stung by one of these pesky creatures.
Bites and stings cause local skin reactions in most people. Reactions can range from itchiness to severe pain depending on the type of insect and the site of the bite. For two million Americans, however, stinging insects can be deadly because of allergies to the venom. Adults and children who are allergic to bees and wasps can develop a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis which requires prompt injection of epinephrine (epipen autoinjector).
“A severe reaction to a sting may result in abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, swelling of the face, lips or throat, breathing problems, hives and even anaphylactic shock,” said Dr. Rais Vohra, Medical Director for the Fresno/Madera Division of California Poison Control System. “It’s a life-threatening emergency, so call 911 and get to the emergency room immediately.”
You can learn more about bites and stings at calpoison.org/about-insect-stings.
The ways to stay safe and avoid stings include:
- Stay clear of wild or commercial hives.
- Commercial hives may be located in white boxes and are often clustered in fields.
- If you see a swarm of bees, take shelter indoors.
- Hollow trees and rock crevices can be homes for stinging insects, so stay clear of them.
- Cover food at picnics or outdoor meals at home, as they attract flying insects.
- Stay away from old or abandoned buildings and vehicles.
- Avoid using heavily scented soaps or perfumes.
Vohra said to apply insect repellent to all exposed skin areas. You can coat your own hands with a thin layer, and then apply to your child’s face, avoiding the eyes. Be aware that some repellents contain alcohol or other flammable ingredients and should not be applied near a barbecue or fire pit. For simple stings, remove the stinger with tweezers or by scraping with a flat object like a credit card. Cleanse the area with soap and water and use a cold pack for pain and swelling. If there are further symptoms, consult a health care provider.
Call Poison Control at (800) 222-1222 (number is the same in all states) for questions about poison encounters. Trained pharmacists, nurses and other providers are available to help 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The service is free, confidential and interpreters are available. Get weekly tips about safety by texting TIPS to 20121 for English or texting PUNTOS to 20121 for Spanish. Follow CPCS on Facebook and on Twitter @poisoninfo. CPCS is part of the University of California San Francisco School of Pharmacy and is responsible to the California Emergency Medical Services Authority.